What religion was dominant in Scandinavia during the Enlightenment?

During the Enlightenment, Catholicism continued to be the dominant religion in Scandinavia.

What is the Enlightenment view of religion?

The Religious Enlightenment argues that shared ideas such as “natural religion” — an accessible morality based in common foundations of belief — created tolerance and collaboration across religious, cultural and political boundaries.

What was the dominant religion in Western Europe during the Scientific Revolution?

The Scientific Revolution began in 1543 with Nicholas Copernicus and his heliocentric theory and is defined as the beginning of a dramatic shift in thought and belief towards scientific theory. The Scientific Revolution began in Western Europe, where the Catholic Church had the strongest holding.

How did religion influence the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment had a profound effect on religion. Many Christians found the enlightened view of the world consistent with Christian beliefs, and used this rational thinking as support for the existence and benevolence of God.

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How did the church respond to the challenges of the Enlightenment?

The church disagreed with the idea that critical reason alone was “enlightenment” and encouraged scholars to bring reason to the study of Scripture and tradition. The Bible is a book of faith not science. The Bible teaches spiritual truths that God is the creator of all living things.

How did the Catholic church view the Enlightenment?

For centuries, the Catholic Church had characterized human beings as naturally sinful and in need of forgiveness through religion. Enlightenment philosophy was in direct opposition to this because of their positive emphasis on the importance of the individual.

How did the Catholic Church respond to the Enlightenment?

The Enlightenment quest to promote reason as the basis for legitimacy and progress found little to praise in the Church. While the philosophes appreciated the value of religion in promoting moral and social order, the Church itself was condemned for its power and influence.

What was the Protestant Reformation?

The Protestant Reformation was a religious reform movement that swept through Europe in the 1500s. It resulted in the creation of a branch of Christianity called Protestantism, a name used collectively to refer to the many religious groups that separated from the Roman Catholic Church due to differences in doctrine.

What happened to religion in West Africa when Islam was first introduced?

What happened to religion in West Africa when Islam was first introduced? West Africans remained faithful to their original religions. Islam quickly became the leading religion of the region. West Africans were resistant to Islam’s new ideas and ignored the religion.

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How did the Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation?

The Roman Catholic Church responded with a Counter-Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent and spearheaded by the new order of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), specifically organized to counter the Protestant movement. In general, Northern Europe, with the exception of most of Ireland, turned Protestant.

What two concepts did the Enlightenment push over faith and religion?

The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and cultural movement in the eighteenth century that emphasized reason over superstition and science over blind faith.

How did the Enlightenment affect Europe?

Enlightenment thinkers in Britain, in France and throughout Europe questioned traditional authority and embraced the notion that humanity could be improved through rational change. The Enlightenment produced numerous books, essays, inventions, scientific discoveries, laws, wars and revolutions.

What is the relation between Christianity and the Enlightenment thinkers?

Christian ideas also affected Enlightenment thinking. Most of the thinkers continued to believe in God. They saw human progress as a sign of God’s goodness. Often their approach to moral problems reflected Christian values, such as respect for others and for a moral law.

What is Enlightenment Christianity?

Enlightenment is the “full comprehension of a situation”. … Roughly equivalent terms in Christianity may be illumination, kenosis, metanoia, revelation, salvation, theosis, and conversion. Perennialists and Universalists view enlightenment and mysticism as equivalent terms for religious or spiritual insight.

What did Martin Luther nail to the door of the Catholic church?

Martin Luther posts 95 theses

On October 31, 1517, legend has it that the priest and scholar Martin Luther approaches the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, and nails a piece of paper to it containing the 95 revolutionary opinions that would begin the Protestant Reformation.

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What role did the church play in the Enlightenment period?

The Enlightenment underlined an individual’s natural rights to choose one’s faith. The Awakening contributed by setting dissenting churches against establishments and trumpeting the right of dissenters to worship as they pleased without state interference.