In Romanesque architecture, the tympanum constitutes the area between the lintel over a doorway and the arch above. During the 11th and 12th centuries in Europe, tympana over church portals were decorated with intricate and stylized relief sculpture.
Which is the semi-circular area above the door of a church?
A tympanum (plural, tympana; from Greek and Latin words meaning “drum”) is the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, door or window, which is bounded by a lintel and an arch. It often contains pedimental sculpture or other imagery or ornaments.
What are the parts of a Romanesque portal?
Terms in this set (6)
- Archivolts. ornamental molding or band following the curve on the underside of an arch.
- Voussiors. one of the wedge-shaped pieces forming an arch or vault.
- Tympanum. semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, sits on a lintel.
- Doorjamb. …
- Trumeau. …
What is the name of this semicircular space beneath the vault where the image is created?
lunette, arching aperture in a wall or concave ceiling. It may be crescent-shaped or semicircular. The word is the French diminutive of lune, “moon.” Lunettes may function as windows, they may form a cove for ornament or statuary, or they may be simply a section of wall framed by an arch or vault.
What is a Romanesque portal?
Abstract. Romanesque portals are more than simple reflections of biblical, liturgical, paraliturgical or exegetical texts. They are in themselves texts — performative texts.
What era is Romanesque?
Romanesque art is the art of Europe from approximately 1000 AD to the rise of the Gothic style in the 12th century, or later depending on region. The preceding period is known as the Pre-Romanesque period.
Which Gregorian chant is true?
Which is true regarding Gregorian chant? It is traditionally sung without accompaniment. Who was an important Anglo-Saxon scholar at Charlemagne’s court in Aachen? What was the Divine Office?
What do we call the area in Romanesque and Gothic portals that is over the door enclosed by archivolts and a lintel?
Tympanum: the surface enclosed by the arch and lintel of an arched doorway, frequently carved with relief sculptures. Archivolt: the molding fram an arch. In Romanesque and Gothic architecture, each one of a series of arches framing the tympanum of a portal.
Where is the west facade in a Romanesque church?
Church and cathedral facades and external decoration
Romanesque church facades, generally to the west end of the building, are usually symmetrical, have a large central portal made by its moldings or porch, and an arrangement of arched-topped windows. In Italy there is often a single central ocular window.
What is a Gothic portal?
In romanesque times, the portal was a semicircular archivolta with several rows of arches going back into the wall and closed with tympanum over the entrance. Arches were usually full of ornamental carvings. … During the gothic period, the shape of the archivolts was changed from semicircular to pointed arch.
What is a church vault called?
crypt, vault or subterranean chamber, usually under a church floor. … It was natural, therefore, for the early Christians to call their catacombs crypts; and, when churches came to be erected over the tombs of saints and martyrs, subterranean chapels, known as crypts or confessiones, were built around the actual tomb.
What is a groin vault quizlet?
Architects are concerned only on the aesthetic appeal of architecture. What is a groin vault? A groin vault has two barrel vaults of the same diameter which cross or intersect one another. … a curved triangular architectural element that transfers the weight from the dome to the supporting curve.
What is the portal in a church?
A portal is an opening in a wall of a building, gate or fortification, especially a grand entrance to an important structure. … The elements of a portal can include the voussoir, tympanum, an ornamented mullion or trumeau between doors, and columns with carvings of saints in the westwork of a church.
What is a Romanesque capital?
This capital, one of a set of four that crown half-columns, reflects the development and evolution of the choir, a central place in the Christian liturgy, in Romanesque architecture.